Jake- I like how you discuss the dialogue between multiple videos. That’s something I’m interested in personally.How when two things that are perhaps completely unrelated are put next to each other.
The viewer automatically begins to make connections.We just seemed to be wired to constantly search for some form of narrative.Even if it’s not actually present. We build it for ourselves.

For me, I think ambiguity is quite free,which could be interpreted by many different possibilities. When some different videos together,more imaginative space between these videos,which have more interpretation by the audience in some way. That is the reason why i prefer to use multiple videos.

Lionel- Ambiguity is a vital and big subject, Ruby and I think you are tackling it in quite a ‘contemporary’ way. Looking at the examples in the video made me wonder if you had done similar experiments with 3D objects also?

To be honest, I did more research about contemporary approach. It might mean that my research is not deep enough.I also want to do something related to 3D objects or a combination of 2D objects and 3D objects.It is more exciting way to do some experiments related to ambiguity in art.  Otherwise, Interaction installation also is a potential approach to research ambiguity.

Andy- did you use separate sound on your film? Would be interested to see how sound changes the still images or if sound changes them.

Yes. Sound is a very important element in the film, which could change the context of the film. I am also quite interested in the effect of different sounds. I will do some sound experiments in the future.

ED- There’s a slightly “home movie” aspect to the sound in the video pieces. I would throw that away and make the soundtrack from scratch.

Professionally, I need to think about it seriously.

Jake- is home movie sound always a bad thing?

I think sometimes it is good, so another question:  is home movie is a bad thing?

Jake- i feel like video art has a history of utilizing really lo-fi technology, but yes it definitely should be a conscious decision.

Lo-fi (from the term “low fidelity“) is lower quality of sound recordings than the usual standard for modern music. The qualities of lo-fi are usually achieved by either degrading the quality of the recorded audio, or using certain equipment.

Ally-i’m a bit confused about ambiguity though. does ambiguity have to have a common theme or source – if that makes sense?

Jonathan-Ally, I love this line — ‘i’m a bit confused about ambiguity’ — perfect!!

Ambiguity is a little bit confused,which is a very clever definition even I always confused with this.

ED-“Home movie sound” implies one, fairly non–diagetic idea, whereas “professional soundtrack” implies diagesis – i.e narrative


This group presentation is about what I have been doing and my plans for the next step.  Some feedbacks and resources from classmates are very helpful. I made some notes for further research.

j.biernat10: your collages reminded me of the journals of Dan Eldon – i’m not sure if you’ve ever seen them.

j.biernat10: i’m sure they have his book in the library – it’s worth checking out

j.biernat10: also gerhard richter’s painted photographs come to mind

j.biernat10: yea i like them a lot
j.biernat10: but it’s kind of hard to draw from them without ripping them off
j.biernat10: because they are so iconic

j.biernat10: i really like these as still objects right now
j.biernat10: i’m not sure video is necessary
j.biernat10: but i dont know could be worth trying

Jake notes that Dan Eldon’s work, which I really like it. It is another collage form of journal concerning  a combination of painted elements, images and handwriting. I will go to library to borrow the book <The Journey is the destination: the journals of Dan Eldon >

allyclarkphtography: ruby – i really like those. fascinating. like puzzles. both through visual content and physical appearance.

allyclarkphtography: yes, i like the torn paper. brings it alive.

ally said these pieces like puzzles.  I think this is a interesting point.

ED: There is an important principle at work here. The human mind seeks to resolve ambiguity into truth, so when we view these juxtapositions, an interpretation is sought.

ED: And so a narrative is developed in the eyes of the viewer

ED: Ruby, have you though about how you could develop the medium, i.e. the “torn paper”

ED:Don’t get me wrong, this is nice work, I’m trying to push you. Could it be video, for example?

ED: Well, the fragmented nature of the medium implies a fragment from history, a snapshot in time. Could this be developed?

ED:Just a thorn in your side. Always trying to push. If it doesn’t work then don’t be afraid to fail, but try new things

ED: Ruby, the work you are doing is good, and you need to reflect on the themes that work within it. The hands and the heads really express something. and my thinking is that these could be made from moving images also. Look at – perhaps you don’t need to work with your own capture,]

ED: Also, the shape of torn paper may be a canvas shape in moving imagery – the screen does not have to be a rectangle

harmeet: Also look for richard himilton’s collages

Huijun Guan:

I recorded these notes firstly. after that , I will think about it gradually.

IMG_2080 I like Katrien De Blauwer’s collage works very much. We can see that her collage works are consisted of many fragments with creative imagination, which is very ambiguous. Waste magazine got an interview with Katrien De Blauwer. I am influenced by some parts of the interview. It shows that the process of creative collage, which is very useful for me.

What is your creative process like?

I have quite a fixed routine and working days. My working process can be divided in three parts: Looking for material, like paper backgrounds, old magazines and books. Preparing a bunch of material: which means tearing or roughly cutting images that touch me somehow. Making collages: which is usually a three or four hour session where I get into a flow and just create. It’s almost like someone else takes control. I follow my intuition without really knowing what the result will be. There’s only the paper fragments around me. Everything else disappears.

How do you find inspiration? Any particular influences?

I find inspiration in the material and in myself. I’ve been working for quite some time now with these 50’s and 60’s magazines and always had a fascination for that period. Lately I’m watching (again) the movies of Antonioni and Bergman from that period. They’re stunning. I find a lot of inspiration in movies.

Where do you find the materials and images to create your pieces? Do you ever incorporate original photographs?

I mainly find them in flea markets, second hand bookshops, by accident (in a container on the street). I like to build some kind of relation with traders, so that they understand what I’m looking for.Two years ago I did works that contained original early 20th century photographs.

In her collage works, she collects many fragments from old magazines and reconstructs these pieces,which give them a new meaning.Different contents are combined by Katrien De Blauwer,which make some narrative stories. It seems montage. I believe that this is an essential research to do further concept video or documentary. It is very interesting. Therefore,I am trying to do this kind of collage as an experiment for further artworks.

Unaccustomed Time


Installation 2012

Unaccustomed-Time-1 Unaccustomed-Time-3 The-Swan-Song-3 Unaccustomed-Time-2

Two easels are placed face to face with a 4-meter distance in between. On one of them there is a painting which is covered by paints. (Beneath it there are two black trash bags stuffed with all kinds of wastes from the studio). The other displays Swan Song, a two-minute video. (Beneath it there are two black sound boxes.) The video will be played on an hourly basis. Due to that, a sound of explosion can be heard within the space every one hour. During the rest of time, there’ll be nothing but a blank screen.On one of the walls, a minute hand is kicking constantly.Beneath the seemingly peaceful and serene surface there lies a violent and devastating sense of instability and insecurity.

Zhi Jiang is my favorite Chinese artist.This artwork focuses on a conversation of art and life. It is possible that something to be destroyed by peaceful life accidentally. Artist Jiang uses a layer of seemingly “meaningless” grey oil painting to express a general phenomenon, which is intentional erasure, coverage and annulment cannot wipe out the “past time” even highlight and reshape the “past time”. This kind of elaborate design brings special experience for the audience. At the same time, it also brings deeper thinking for audience.

IMG_7470 IMG_7471 IMG_7476 IMG_7475 Two projects of photography by CSM students. In fact, I don’t like these projects very much but some objects are behind with the project are very attractive.Such as some stones behind with landscape photos, transparent tape around the photo frame. As I know, stone behind with photos is an intentional design, which can make the project more attractive and poetic. Nevertheless, as I know,  transparent tape dress with the single photograph is a temporary decision but it accidentally brings  layers of meaning for this project. When I saw these projects, I realized that I really like these kind of extra objects with artwork, which provides more of vivid vision for the audience.

Firstly, I have to admit that my mid point review is not good. The primary reason is that the video requires a portion of self recording which I spent too much time on. In addition, I was a bit disappointed that I did not make a satisfactory conclusion for my overall research. However, This is an opportunity to make a reflection which brought some useful comments from others. After middle point review, I was confused about my research theme for a long time. In fact, ambiguity is a vast topic. On the one hand, I was trying to research a more specific form of ambiguity in art. But on the other hand, I cannot exactly clarify the definition of ambiguity.

During middle point review, some comments are very useful for me.

MATT: As soon as you work with the theme of ambiguity, you’re giving the work meaning. Thinking of nothing makes it something. 

ANDY: i tell you what would be even more ambiguous is if you where to use the back of what ever objects you choose to cut out for your collages (so you get forms and its almost a lottery as to what shape and colour you will get), there is still subject matter in your collages which will perhaps ask people to look for meaning.

It seems that these are two opposite opinions, but I totally agree with them. Matt thinks that ambiguity is difficult to present in art intentionally; however Andy notes that we can also use some specific methods to make art more ambiguous and more attractive.

Lionel Openshaw: I think Ruby raises some very interesting issues. The earlier photos don’t look very ambiguous to me, but the way she juxtaposes them are more so.
Lionel Openshaw: Agree with Xavi – make ambiguity clearer
Terry Long: Yes the multi videos or much more effective
Lionel Openshaw: Create single images with multiple possible readings? (not just in juxtaposition)
Andy Venner: i like Lionels suggestion – so for example just a picture of a car lionel?
Laila Hassan: I think the sound at the end shot play a big role in adding ambiguity.
Ala’a Beseiso: Ambiguity is a big word, and I think tat her work is really interesting, however, I think that she needs to focus on a more specific form of ambiguity….
Lionel Openshaw: Agree with Xavi – make ambiguity clearer

I am trying to make the arts more ambiguous in terms of vision and sound. I did some experiment about multiple videos,because I paid attention to the relationship between them. I found that a lot of artists use this kind of form to do videos and films. It seems that it is feasible. I think I will do more experiments relating to this kind of method. Moreover, because sound is an essential part of art, I will include more of this aspect in my future projects. However, as the comment of Lionels suggested, I can do some research about a single picture with ambiguity. For my understanding, this could be in the form of a collage or some accidental elements mixed together.

Something I did and I thought:
-I put more than one videos onto one screen. I tried to make sense of the relationship between different videos at the same time. I think it could be ambiguous.
-I consider that a plurality of narratives instead of a single story can best describe the situation. I was trying to reconstruct various fragments rather than record an integrated story. I think it could be ambiguous.
-Blurring the boundaries between metaphor and reality can make double meaning sometimes. I tried to find some issues in daily life and looked for a metaphor for the concept. I think it could be ambiguous.
-I was trying to clarify the meaning of ambiguity in my work, but the complexity and uncertainty of ambiguity limit me.

Recently, I am preparing a new project. No matter what expressive form I use, I am still trying to make ambiguity clearer and make it more interesting.