Dave Charlesworth gaves me four references or artists, which are related to my work. I did some research about his recommendations.

Hans Peter Feldman

All the Clothes of a Woman 1970 Hans-Peter Feldmann born 1941 Presented by Tate Members 2010

All the Clothes of a Woman 1970 Hans-Peter Feldmann born 1941 Presented by Tate Members 2010

Bernd Behr


Installation shot, COMMA17: Bernd Behr & COMMA18: Charlotte Moth, Bloomberg SPACE, January 2010.

 Douglas Heubler


Duration Piece #11, Bradford, Massachusetts, 1969 Douglas Huebler (American, 1924–1997)

Dominic Hawgood


Dominic Hawgood: Under The Influence

I was influenced by these artists’ work a lot. They all tried to make a series of conversations in art. They did different ways to present their ideas but their works are very effective. This kind of installation likes talk a story to others. It could be an integrated story or some fragments of memory. But they are very powerful to represent something in an art way.

making art is difficult


Jonathan Kearney: “Making art now means working in the face of uncertainty ; it means living with doubt and contradiction, doing something no one much cares whether you do, and for which there may be neither audience nor reward”
depressing or liberating?

Most classmates support both of them. I think we can choose an attitude to create artwork and try to enjoy yourself. Emily notes that both liberating and depressing, but you should try and not let it be depressing by enjoying the act of creating art i guess! I agree with her.

Jonathan Kearney: in that same paragraph (3rd paragraph) the writers go on to say this:
“Making the work you want to make means finding nourishment within the work itself.”
Jonathan-thinking about your own work now, do you find nourishment in it?

Harmeet thinks that nourishment is an end result, which is about satisfaction of accomplishing what artist think to achieve with a particular work. However, Lionel asked that what happens when things don’t work out, do you find nourishment in the process as well? Sila believes that nourishment is the process itself.
Ally thinks that nourishment from something which doesn’t work out as you imagined it seems to me to be a skill in itself….  He said that there are also so many aspects of ourselves and our skills in what we create that we don’t often see or give ourselves credit for.
For my point of view, I think nourishment could be a comprehensive representation, it includes your personal experience , personal values, the knowledge of social background and so on . However, all of these elements as an important part of artwork.

Jonathan Kearney: this has been proved in several settings now, quite a lot of psychological research supports this — “Even talent is rarely distinguishable, over the long run, from perseverance and lots of hard work.”

Ally thinks that ‘talent’ is often just the ability and motivation to focus and work really hard. At the same time, he mentioned that MA course has taught him that there is always something you can learn from exposing yourself to art (not literally!), even – maybe especially – if its not your cup of tea. It is about learning from experiences.

Jonathan Kearney: look at the 4 assumptions that the writers suggest, starting with the 1st one:
we have just touched on the ideas in this section, but do you really believe this? Do you really believe that hard work will improve your art?

Jake thinks that even more important then skill though in my opinion his contextual knowledge, an understanding of art history.

Jonathan Kearney: just a side note but in the book where this text comes from they never use the word creativity, they feel it is simply too difficult a word to understand or talk about as it has so many different meanings for different people
Jonathan Kearney: how about the 2nd assumption:

Sila notes that creativity is a proccessreadings, thoughts imagining and making. Ally thinks that creativity comes from how you view the world and that is something which is learnt, but he is not sure how you would teach it to someone.

Jonathan- i think the writers are suggesting that ‘ordinary people’ is everyone, i.e. there is no perfect person or mythical genius — instead art comes from our mixed up confused state — it is almost a form of sense making, or finding meaning for ourselves??

Jonathan- the last sentence is worth thinking about: “Something about making art has to do with overcoming things, giving us a clear opportunity for doing things in ways we have always known we should do them.”

Jonathan Kearney : I think the writers are also trying to reduce the pressure on artists, in a way they are saying ‘forget the pressure of the world to be a genus, enjoy your process and let that art making transform every part of you, not just your art but the way you think and act in every situation’ — but I may be adding more to their words than is really what they meant? what do you think?

For my opinion, it is like everyone has own characteristic and every artist has own creative direction. just do it.. Ally also thinks that they are suggesting the artist gives him/herself permission to express their own individuality.

Lionel- self awareness is the eureka moment for an artist?

Jonathan- Lionel, very deliberate as I am suggesting that art making is not necessarily held purely within the field of making objects that can be shown in a gallery, the work of human interaction, in families and communities, whether learning communities like this one, or other more social communities, all of this activity or work can and maybe should be seen as part of our ‘practice’ our art making???

Jonathan :  Lionel I think it is easy to argue that all art making is a bit wooly, as in it is not quantifiable, or measurable in rational or imperial ways
Ally, very relevant — that is you learning about your own making process
which nicely leads to this next section…
I really like the challenge of this next assumption:
go and read the first paragraph in this section again, read it carefully and slowly before commenting
here it is:
The sane human being is satisfied that the best he / she can do at any given moment is the best he/she can do at any given moment. That belief, if widely embraced, would make this book unnecessary, false, or both. Such sanity is, unfortunately, rare. Making art provides uncomfortably accurate feedback about the gap that inevitably exists between what you intended to do, and what you did. In fact, if artmaking did not tell you (the maker) so enormously much about yourself, then making art that matters to you would be impossible. To all viewers but yourself, what matters is the product: the finished artwork. To you, and you alone, what matters is the process: the experience of shaping that artwork. The viewers’ concerns are not your concerns (although it’s dangerously easy to adopt their attitudes.) Their job is whatever it is: to be moved by art, to be entertained by it, to make a killing off it, whatever. Your job is to learn to work on your work.

Sila thinks that for Duchamp The viewer and the artist are both participants in making the finished art product.

I saw some relative sentences : Under today’s cultural system, the relationship between the artist and the audience has been alienated, becoming a unidirectional relationship of producing/receiving….the audience is always the collective, the anonymous, making for an
asymmetry between individual production and collective reception. From Chinese curator Bao Dong

Jonathan – certainly there is interaction with audience and it is important to think about who they might be and how they will see and receive your work, but sometimes we over emphasise this element and forget what these writers are saying it is about you learning to make your work.

Emily: what do you want from an audience?

Jake thinks that to get an audience that actually cares in any meaningful way. like having 10,000 followers on social media or whatever isn’t even a real audience,because no one actually cares or engages with it on a real level. I totally agree with him. I think that sometimes someone really likes your work ,maybe your work relates to her/his hobby and experience accidentally.

Jonathan- I heard a story recently about 2 old people who accidentally went into a gallery thinking it was a tea shop!! My friend was sitting next to them as they looked at a contemporary abstract installation, they were completely amazing and transfixed by it, they could not stoop looking and talking about it — other work they did not like but this is engagement with the work, maybe like Ruby said by accident but it is does happen!

So I think audience is an unexpectable factor in artwork. On the other hand, we have to admit that audiences make more powerful connection between artist and artwork.

I had a tutorial with Jonathan on Monday. We have discussed about my recent idea. Jonathan said that a combination of the moving image and still image could be potential. I created video collage in terms of moving image and still image. I believe that it could be very ambiguous and metaphorical. However, all of inspirations just follow my intuition, which makes me exciting. I got more free space to create something as  I like.  Jonathan also noted that I should to do more projects like I did. It could be 20,30,or 50. After that, I can choose some of them as my final project. The most important thing is the creative process.

Some image materials and video materials are collected from my daily life including some journeys.


  1. Be careful for sound recording
  2. Making more experiments
  3. Make a conclusion of dissatisfied experiments

Firstly, I realized that keeping idea, getting influence and making the test are useful ways to do research.Secondly, I made clearer direction through Unit 1 assessment.Unit 1 assessment is an overall reflection for preceding research.

During this tutorial, Jonathan gives me a lot of constructive suggestions, which relate to my specific artworks. On the one hand, Jonathan suggests that I can continue to do collage with my own intuition. On the other hand,  He says that I can develop my collage, which could be using videos instead of still images. These video materials could be many fragments of old films or my original creation. I think this is a challenge for me but I still want to try it in the future, because it could be more ambiguous and more interesting.  In addition, Jonathan notes that I can combine all of my concept, test and  experiment, which was what I did. Such as a combination of the projection and photography, collage on paper and making video. Jonathan mentions that “remix media” also is a feasible way to present artwork. ( I am not sure “Remix media” is an exact word, I forgot to bring the note by Jonathan. )

For me, I consider the process of experiment is most important. At the same time, some influences also can broaden my horizons gradually. However, I have to admit that unit 1 assessment pushes me to make an overall conclusion for the last year. This is very beneficial for my further research.

In the last day of low residency we got a group tutorial together.

Frist part, we taken 7 minutes to consider some questions:

what do I make?
From the start until now, I did some research about ambiguity in art. I am quite interested in ambiguous way in art because ambiguity can bring more possibilities.Involuntary possibilities were happened in ambiguous artwork,which is very interesting.I have taken many photos,which were transformed into the photo collage.I made an expressionist documentary relate to ambiguity.Otherwise,I intended to research the relationship between audience and artist’s work since I believe that audience’s response also is part of artwork.

What have I done well during my time on the course so far?
I did some experiments concerned with ambiguity.I have learnt the meaning of ambiguity.I think that ambiguity is the imagination,intuition,illusion and openness. Moreover,I have learnt to combine practice and theory to do the experiment, which is very useful for my research.

What can I improve on?
I realized that reflective journal also is very important for research so I will try to write reflective journal on the blog timely and continue to do some experiments.

Second part, we are in a group of 2-3 look at each others’ blogs.

I discussed with Jack who always records notes timely. Integrated blog was made by many times, which I think it is good.Jack mentioned that some parts of my blog did not write anything only put the image and video is not good for reflection.I agree with him. I will write some notes behind the reference in the future.

After that we are in a group of 4 discuss with each other’s blogs.

We looked at each others’ blog then we are discussed about the process and result which one is more important in artwork. I think that process is more important than the result. In the process, I can experience what I am really interested in and what I am really want to figure it out. In addition, I was influenced by many artists who help me broaden my horizon. In my opinion, Result as a project is a temporary work but the most benefit from the process is what I am thinking now.

Overall, this is a useful group tutorial for me. : )

psb (1) psb 26 February 2014

Sigune gives me some key words relate to ambiguity  in art:
– Openness: ambiguity can brings more possibilities  in art.
– Bring your own imagination: it might mean that ambiguity could be Irrational.
– Depends on context: sometimes, a picture showed to many people received different responses. It means that audience’s respond also is an important part in ambiguity. In addition, Sigune thinks that image is best way to express ambiguity.
– Not decided yet 
– Interpretation: ambiguity is very interesting because it has new meaning for art work.

Thank you for Sigune.

22/01/2014/,Wednesday, tutorial.

Jonathan told me two words: Strategy ,Tactics

Strategy and tactics from Michel de Certeau’s book <The Practice of Everyday Life>.

Certeau believes that professional technicist can organize position, role and  product for people. It is mentioned that the majority of people prefer to jump out of this distribution, who use personal tactics to create daily life. It means that people resist  the original strategy and use their individual method to achieve new benefit. Such as gimmick , shortcut, hunter’s skill and all kinds of tactics. It also proves that people are not obedient blindly. In addition, It  proves that people have meaningful wisdom from life. Fortunately, most of the people are positive and optimistic.

There is no doubt that life is filled with wisdom. It is mentioned that ordinary people create the greatest wisdom. On the other hand, the simplest wisdom is always neglected.

Chinese artist Song Dong (宋冬),his representative artwork: Wisdom of the Penniless(穷人的智慧). I think that this art project is a good example for Strategy &Tactics. (my understanding)


2222                                 Wisdom of the Penniless,installation, Artist Song Dong,2005

Actually,we know that everybody does not want to be a poor man but sometimes we are.  In Chinese, people always say that poor makes people change.(QiongZeSiBian穷则思变) Song Dong thinks that nobody wants to be a poor man, but the poor man always use their distinctive method to improve their life’s qualities. For example, to occupy personal space in the alley.People live in quadrangle dwellings.People decide to plant trees in quadrangle dwellings, which  in order to achieve more personal space. This kind of tactics is reasonable and sapiential.The same with Luxury house, that is to say, poor and rich is no different in some way.

Critic said :”Song Dong’s installations symbolize the ingenuity with which people transform their personal living spaces, thereby altering the aesthetic of entire neighborhoods.”( from internet)

tactics are opportunistic, always on the watch, and involve combining disparate elements to gain a momentary advantage.

I cannot completely understand the meaning of  Strategy ,tactics but I think it is interesting and attractive.What I am interested in is things that are neglected from life. I want to find it, record it and reinterpret it. I believe that art from life, life is art.I will continue to do some research about things that are neglected from life and try to do some small projects with art.At the same time , I will continue to read the theory of books of practice, montage, representation,documentary,which relates to ambiguity.

Jonathan’s suggestion:

  • Make note of influence and research
  • Reflection
  • Be specific for project